Canadian Public Policy Vol. 46, No. 2, June 2020

Canadian Public Policy

Vol. 46, No. 2, June 2020

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Reforming Canada’s Disaster Assistance Programs

by James B. Davies

Canada’s disaster financial assistance (DFA) system provides benefits through the provinces, subsidized by the federal DFA Arrangements (DFAA) above damage thresholds that were tripled in 2015. Disaster incidence and severity is increasing. Flooding is most costly, then storms and wildfire. The need for policy changes is analyzed, with particular attention to flooding. 


The Role of Central Banks

by Stephen D. Williamson

The origins of central banking, in general, are examined, along with the specific origins of the Bank of Canada. A general policy framework is set out, in terms of goals, policy rules, and implementation, and the Bank of Canada’s inflation targeting framework is evaluated. 


Improvements in Electronic Job Alerts and the Labour Market Experience of Unemployed Workers: Evidence from the Connecting Canadians with Available Jobs Initiative

by Vera Brenčič, Julie Dubois, Lucie Morin

In 2013, the Canadian government introduced improvements to its electronic Job Alerts notification service that emails job seekers about job openings posted on an online job board. The improvements included additional advertisements of the service and increases in the frequency and scope of notifications sent to subscribers. Using data on workers who lost their jobs either before or after the intervention, we find that subscription to Job Alerts increased after the intervention. 


Trends in Parental Time Allocated to Child Care: Evidence from Canada, 1986–2010

by Lan Wei

This study finds a continuous and dramatic increase in parental time spent in child care in Canada from 1986 to 2010. Decomposition of the increase shows that it occurs within demographic groups and does not reflect demographic changes. 


After-Hours Incentives and Emergency Department Visits: Evidence from Ontario

by Rose Anne Devlin, Koffi Ahoto Kpelitse, Lihua Li, Nirav Mehta, Sisira Sarma

One important component of primary care reform in Ontario is to incentivize physicians to work after hours to improve access to core primary care services and potentially reduce visits to hospital emergency departments (EDs). Empirically, evidence on this link is ambiguous. 


Short-Term Effects of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement on Municipal Procurement in Canada

by Dmitry Lysenko, Elizabeth Schwartz, Saul Schwartz

The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union, which entered into force in 2017, is the first international trade agreement that grants access to government procurement markets in Canadian municipalities. In the short term, will the agreement lead to major changes in the policies and procedures of Canadian local government procurement authorities or to changes in the proportion of foreign-controlled companies that win contracts? 


Do Subnational Agreements Induce Interprovincial Migration? Empirical Evidence from Canada’s Aggregate Migration Patterns

by Mustafa Rafat Zaman

Some provincial governments in Canada have negotiated agreements to try to remove barriers to interprovincial migration. I estimate the extent and pattern of these barriers over time and study the effect of the agreements using a gravity model and panel data on interprovincial migration flows during 2000–2015. 


The Leadership Legacy of Commission Chairs: Building on and Extending a Comparative Study of Ten Canadian Commissions of Inquiry

by Joe Wallis, Tor Brodtkorb

In 2014, Inwood and Johns analyzed the policy legacy of ten Canadian commissions of inquiry. This article extends that analysis by incorporating the policy legacy as one element of the leadership legacy of the commission chairs; the other two elements are the chair’s expressive legacy and fiduciary legacy.